These two separate agreements will be negotiated in parallel, as the partner`s readmission cooperation will be rewarded with a relaxation of the visa requirement. However, discussions between the EU and the two countries have not been as fluid as expected and remain limited to the same political and practical challenges. While the EU lacks flexibility and a real willingness to establish tailored partnerships, Tunisia and Morocco`s interest in moving the talks forward seems limited. The difficulties encountered in these discussions require a critical assessment of the effectiveness and adequacy of the instrument to facilitate joint readmission and facilitation of visa issuance, and to revise draft agreements with Morocco and Tunisia in order to move the negotiations forward. The document notes that the lack of a genuine “common” migration policy hinders the EU`s ability to influence morocco`s asylum and migration policy. The paper argues that future cooperation between the EU and Morocco must take into account the interest of both partners in the Global Compact for Migration (GCA), namely that support for migration research within Moroccan institutions and the promotion of productive cooperation with Moroccan civil society must improve. Promoting a positive image of migration in the European media is the basis for a constructive political debate that reduces the influence of right-wing forces. Improving the coherence between migration policies and the needs of EU labour markets requires the dissemination of legal channels for labour migration and compliance with the relevant regulatory frameworks. Given its economic, political and historical links with the African continent, the EU`s prosperity can benefit from investments in the development of sub-Saharan Africa, from which the majority of migrants cross Morocco come. The EU`s outsourcing policy places Morocco and the Maghreb as a whole in a buffer zone that bears responsibility for the “fate of migrants” and, in particular, for the prevention of migration in the resort. Morocco`s 2003 law against irregular migration and ongoing negotiations for a readmission agreement that would require Morocco to withdraw anyone who has transited through that country show how the EU is trying to enforce its priorities. While addressing the root causes of migration is one of the strategic priorities of the European Emergency Aid Fund for Africa (EUTF), the EU`s practical focus on “fighting irregular migration” has limited the desired effects of sustainable and mutually beneficial approaches. One of the main stumbling blocks of the EU-Morocco Mobility Partnership Agreement in 2013 is the EU`s insistence on making visa facilitation easier for Morocco to sign a readmission agreement.
Moroccan public opinion believes that this unilateral restriction is fundamentally unfair. Instead of reducing irregular migration, this strategic “blackmail” undermines all forms of mobility, including circular migration for economic reasons, and can therefore strengthen incentives for irregular forms of migration. Similarly, in many EU countries, labour markets could benefit from a less restrictive migration policy. This discussion paper analyses the priorities and impact of EU cooperation with Morocco on migration. He notes that Morocco has become the focus of its attempt to sell its immigration policy, following the EU`s focus on “fighting” irregular migration. As a result, resources are being diverted from more sustainable and mutually beneficial approaches to mobility between Africa and the EU. In addition to a discursive change in public migration, the document proposes that, in order to achieve a fair partnership, inconsistencies between the limitation of mobility and the needs of European labour markets must be addressed and supported by respect for the legal framework applicable to the rights of migrant workers. Although, as the document states, the EU`s priority is the `fight against irregular migration`, aid in this area is not enough to ensure the sustainable integration of migrants in Morocco and the eu