The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016. Forty-seven years have passed since India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement to peacefully resolve all disputes and problems between the two countries. Shimla agreement: Donald Trump recently claimed in a statement that Prime Minister Modi had asked him to mediate in the Kashmir conflict between India and Pakistan. India has categorically rejected Trump`s allegations that the prime minister had not made such a request. Mr. Trump`s claim in Kashmir, however, turned into a huge controversy, in violation of the 1972 Shimla Accords. The United States has always maintained that the Kashmir issue must be resolved bilaterally by India and Pakistan.
India also strongly asserted that its Kashmir dispute with Pakistan was bilateral and that no third parties played a role in this regard. That is why Trump`s recent statement marks a significant change in the previous position of the United States on this issue. The Shimla Agreement, the India-Pakistan Peace Treaty In order to achieve this goal, the two governments agreed that the principles and objectives set out in the United Nations Charter would resolve bilateral relations and disputes through “peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other peaceful means agreed upon between them.” The Simla Agreement, signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was much more than a peace treaty aimed at reversing the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. the withdrawal of troops and the exchange of prisoners of war). It was a blue impression for good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. As part of the Simla Agreement, the two countries pledged to end the conflicts and confrontations that have affected relations in the past and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation. The Simla Agreement contains a number of guiding principles on which India and Pakistan have agreed and which both sides would adhere to in the management of relations between them. They insist on respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the other; non-interference in the internal affairs of the other; respect for unity, political independence; sovereign equality; and hostile propaganda. However, the following principles of the agreement are particularly noteworthy: US President Donald Trump`s recent statement on plausible mediation in the Kashmir dispute – between India and Pakistan – once again shed light on the 1972 Shimla agreement.