The question that was put before the Supreme Court was whether Section 14 (3) (c) of the Specific Relief Act in 1963 was an action by a developer for the concrete implementation of a development agreement between him and the property owner? Although the European Union is in fact an economic community with a number of trade rules, there is no overall “Community contract law”.” In 1993, Harvey McGregor, a British lawyer and academic, developed a “contract code” under the auspices of the English and Scottish Law Commissions, which was a proposal to encrypt and codify the contractual laws of England and Scotland. This document has been proposed as a `treaty code for Europe`, but tensions between English and German lawyers have led to the failure of this proposal so far.  An oral contract can also be characterized as a parol contract or oral treaty, “verbal” signing “spoken” and not “in words,” a use established in British English in terms of contracts and agreements, and, more generally, abbreviated in American English as “cowardly”.  Arbitration decisions can generally be enforced in the same way as ordinary court decisions and are internationally recognized and enforceable under the 156-party New York Convention. In the states of the New York Convention, arbitration decisions are generally immunized, unless there is a document proven that the arbitrator`s decision was irrational or tainted by fraud.  The court may issue a “specific benefit” order requiring the performance of the contract. In certain circumstances, a court will order a party to keep its promise (a “specific benefit order”) or to issue an injunction known as an “injunction of omission” that a party will refrain from doing something that would be contrary to the treaty. Some benefit is available for breach of a contract to sell land or real estate with reasons such that the property has a unique value. In the United States, through the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the specific provision in personal service contracts is only legal, “as punishment for a crime whose criminal must be wrongly convicted.”  Factual allegations in a contract or when obtaining the contract are considered guarantees or assurances. Traditionally, guarantees are factual commitments imposed by a contractual remedy, regardless of importance, intent or trust.  Representations are traditionally pre-contract statements that permit an unlawful act (for example. (B) the unlawful act) where the misrepresced presentation is negligence or fraud;  Historically, an unlawful act was the only act available, but in 1778, the breach of the guarantee became a separate contractual action.
 In American law, the distinction between the two is somewhat blurred;  Guarantees are viewed primarily as contract-based lawsuits, while false statements of negligence or fraud are due to unlawful acts, but there is a confusing mix of jurisprudence in the United States.  In modern English law, sellers often avoid using the term “represents” to avoid claims under the Misrepresentation Act 1967, whereas in America “Warrants and Represents” is relatively common.  Some modern commentators suggest avoiding words and replacing “state” or “consent,” and some forms of models do not use words;  However, others disagree.  The Supreme Court found that a lawless agreement in favour of the applicant cannot be obtained in an appeal for a special benefit, even if the defendant, who also participated in such an illegality, benefits from it.