The South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Co-operation Agreement (SPARTECA) is a non-reciprocal trade agreement in which Australia and New Zealand offer duty-free and unlimited access to certain products from Pacific Islands Forum Development Island member countries. The agreement was signed in Tarawa, Kiribati, in 1980, and is subject to rules of origin to address unequal trade relations between the two groups.  The textile, clothing and footwear (TCF) industry has been one of the main beneficiaries of SPARTECA thanks to preferential access to the Australian and New Zealand markets. The Agreement entered into force on 1 January 1981. Reference to www.homeaffairs.gov.au/Freetradeagreements/Documents/origin4.pdf for SPARTECA Reference mitt.oceanic.net.fj/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/SPARTECA.pdfHandbook and click on the link for SPARTECA The South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Co-operation Agreement (SPARTECA) is a non-reciprocal trade agreement under which Australia and New Zealand have duty-free or concession access to most products originating in the Forum Island Count (FIC) s). SPARTECA is a non-reciprocal and non-discriminatory trade agreement in which Australia and New Zealand grant duty-free access to all products originating in central reporting countries (with the exception of sugar in the case of Australia). Fiji continues to export under SPARTECA and has led to the growth of different sectors. From 2001 to 2014, Fiji`s textile, clothing and footwear (TCF) sector benefited from the SPARTECA TCF scheme, which has since been replaced in 2015 by the Developing Country Preference Scheme (DCPS) in the case of Australia. SPARTECA contains provisions on general economic, commercial and technical cooperation, guarantees for dumped products and subsidies, suspension of commitments and provisions on general exemptions and customs duties. Sparteca also provides special treatment and support for small island states (SICs), i.e. the Cook Islands, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Tonga, Tuvalu and Westsamoa. The Australian ICS began in July 1991 as part of a broad package of customs and industrial reforms in Australia.
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